We have already seen the most common uses of Present Simple, now it is time to check a little bit of grammar.

In general, the basic structure of a sentence consists of:

SUBJECT             +          VERB            +              COMPLEMENT

The Subject: Is a person, an animal or a thing that does an activity, it also can be a presonal pronoun. (I, you, he, she, it…..)

Verb: Is an action.

The complement: It is a word or a phrase after the verb  that tells you something about the subject, or the action that he does.

Another important aspect to consider is the type of sentences. they are:

*  AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES:

They respect the general structure of a sentence (SUBJECT    +    VERB    +     COMPLEMENT)

It is very important to remember that conjugation changes depending on the subject of the sentence.

When the subject is the third person (he, she, it) the verb CHANGES.

** Here are the rules when conjugating verbs with: he, she and it **

RULE 1. WHEN CONJUGATING MOST OF THE VERBS WITH HE,  SHE OR IT, YOU ADD  THE ENDING -s TO THE VERB.

Example :

1.- I wake up at seven o´clock in the morning.                            

       Luis wakes up late on weekends.

2.-You think I am a very good student.

       Susy thinks she is late for her lesson.

3.- We want to have brekfast now.

       Jack wants to get a new job

RULE 2. VERBS THAT END IN -S / -SH / -CH /-X /-O.   ADD THE ENDING -es TO THE VERB.

EXAMPLES:

1.  -S

PASS

HELEN PASSES HER MATH EXAM

2.  -SH

WASH

MARK WASHES THE CAR.

3.  –CH

MY FATHER WATCHES TV AT NIGHTS.

4.  -X

LARRY FIXES CARS

5.  -O

STHEPANY DOES HOMEWORK.

  

RULE 3. VERBS THAT END IN –y.

** -y after a consonant …………………………….. C   A   R   R   Y

MARK CARRIES A BOX.

** -y after a vowel ……………………………………. P   L   A   Y

JAMES PLAYS SOCCER.

ACTIVITY 1. WRITE SENTENCES FROM THESE WORDS. PUT THE VERBS IN THE RIGHT FORM, SEND YOUR ANSWERS ON AN E- MAIL.

1.- ALWAYS / EARLY/ TOM / GET UP

2.- SOMETIMES / PLAY / BASEBALL / WE

3.- FRANK / LUNCH / EAT / RARELY.

4.- NEVER / TO / GO / BED /LATE / BROTHER / MY

5.- GIVE / ALWAYS / CHOCOLATES / MY / ME /AUNT

6.- PLANETS / ASTRONAUT / IN / GO / ROCKET / A N / TO / DISTANT / A

7.- NEVER / WORK / TO / LAURA / WALK

ACTIVITY 2.  MAKE A POWER POINT PRESENTATION TAKING THE ROUTINE YOU PUBLISHED, NOW ILLUSTRATE IT AND SEND IT ON AN E-MAIL

ACTIVITY 3. LOOK AT THIS PHOTOS, IMAGINE THEIR DAILY ROUTINE. WRITE A COMMENT DESCRIBING THE ROUTINE OF  ONE OF THESE PEOPLE. PUBLISH THE ROUTINE IN A COMMENT

****** MORE ACTIVITIES COMING SOON *********

START DATE:  21-01-2010, 8:00 AM

LIMIT DATE:   23-01-2010, 8:00 PM

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