We have already seen the most common uses of Present Simple, now it is time to check a little bit of grammar.
In general, the basic structure of a sentence consists of:
SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT
The Subject: Is a person, an animal or a thing that does an activity, it also can be a presonal pronoun. (I, you, he, she, it…..)
Verb: Is an action.
The complement: It is a word or a phrase after the verb that tells you something about the subject, or the action that he does.
Another important aspect to consider is the type of sentences. they are:
* AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES:
They respect the general structure of a sentence (SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT)
It is very important to remember that conjugation changes depending on the subject of the sentence.
When the subject is the third person (he, she, it) the verb CHANGES.
** Here are the rules when conjugating verbs with: he, she and it **
RULE 1. WHEN CONJUGATING MOST OF THE VERBS WITH HE, SHE OR IT, YOU ADD THE ENDING -s TO THE VERB.
1.- I wake up at seven o´clock in the morning.
Luis wakes up late on weekends.
2.-You think I am a very good student.
Susy thinks she is late for her lesson.
3.- We want to have brekfast now.
Jack wants to get a new job
RULE 2. VERBS THAT END IN -S / -SH / -CH /-X /-O. ADD THE ENDING -es TO THE VERB.
HELEN PASSES HER MATH EXAM
MARK WASHES THE CAR.
MY FATHER WATCHES TV AT NIGHTS.
LARRY FIXES CARS
STHEPANY DOES HOMEWORK.
RULE 3. VERBS THAT END IN –y.
** -y after a consonant …………………………….. C A R R Y
MARK CARRIES A BOX.
** -y after a vowel ……………………………………. P L A Y
JAMES PLAYS SOCCER.
ACTIVITY 1. WRITE SENTENCES FROM THESE WORDS. PUT THE VERBS IN THE RIGHT FORM, SEND YOUR ANSWERS ON AN E- MAIL.
1.- ALWAYS / EARLY/ TOM / GET UP
2.- SOMETIMES / PLAY / BASEBALL / WE
3.- FRANK / LUNCH / EAT / RARELY.
4.- NEVER / TO / GO / BED /LATE / BROTHER / MY
5.- GIVE / ALWAYS / CHOCOLATES / MY / ME /AUNT
6.- PLANETS / ASTRONAUT / IN / GO / ROCKET / A N / TO / DISTANT / A
7.- NEVER / WORK / TO / LAURA / WALK
ACTIVITY 2. MAKE A POWER POINT PRESENTATION TAKING THE ROUTINE YOU PUBLISHED, NOW ILLUSTRATE IT AND SEND IT ON AN E-MAIL
ACTIVITY 3. LOOK AT THIS PHOTOS, IMAGINE THEIR DAILY ROUTINE. WRITE A COMMENT DESCRIBING THE ROUTINE OF ONE OF THESE PEOPLE. PUBLISH THE ROUTINE IN A COMMENT
****** MORE ACTIVITIES COMING SOON *********
START DATE: 21-01-2010, 8:00 AM
LIMIT DATE: 23-01-2010, 8:00 PM